EAY General Assembly
Hasliberg, Switzerland, May 1991
Rev. Dr. Dölf Weder, Secretary General
The last year in Europe has been characterized by two
In the first half of the year 1990, the prevailing
feeling was a feeling of hope and optimism. The Wall had come tumbling down. In the
countries of Central and Eastern Europe exciting new developments had started. The cold
war was being buried. The European citizens started to adapt to a new, post-cold-war
thinking. The process culminated during the November meeting of the Conference on Security
and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) in the Declaration of Paris.
But on these feelings of hope and optimism, sometimes
even of euphoria, a serious damper has been put in the second half of the year and
in the beginning of 1991.
Firstly, it became obvious that in the Soviet Union the
conservative powers are still quite strong. Perestroika and Glasnost suffered more and
more difficulties. The economical situation deteriorated fast. And an outstanding
politician like Schewardnadse drew the danger of a new dictatorship on the wall. The
process culminated in violence and death in the Baltic States. The situation in the USSR
is still in a very critical stage.
While the Europeans concentrated so much on their own
developments, in August they became suddenly aware again that we live today in an
interrelated world. At the beginning of August, Iraq occupied the independent country of
Kuwait. Months of brutal terror, torture and neglect of the most basic human rights
followed. The whole world was confronted with a new discussion about the use of power and
war as a means to reject aggression and to keep or establish more peace. While the allied
troops reached a quick military victory, the counterbalance is an enormous number of
killed, wounded and psychologically deeply disturbed people, many of them young people.
The dramatic developments continued with the uprising in the South and in the North of
Iraq and led to a refugee disaster with hundred thousands of people suffering. Many of
them children and young people. Will all this terrific misery and all these sacrifices
lead at least finally to more, and more just, peace in the region? While the question
sounds almost cynical in view of such a human tragedy, we can only deeply hope and pray
What are some of the lessons European YMCAs can learn
from this so dramatic year?
At first, I think we have to take serious our Christian
faith and theology. Believing that the Kingdom of God can be established by humankind
alone is simply an illusion. We live in this world in the ambivalence of love and hate, of
life and death, of the new creation in Christ and the old patterns of Adam and Kain. All
euphoria, but also all black pessimism simply forget that the Kingdom of God is already
now being established in this world, but that its completion is still very much
outstanding and cannot be produced by man alone. Living in the middle of the ambivalence
of this world, but being deeply involved in the extension of His Kingdom is the permanent
task and mission of the YMCA in the middle of today's world.
A second lesson is the fact that the world is deeply
interrelated. "Do not ask for whom the bell tolls, it tolls for thee", said
John Donne already in the 17th century. The Gulf war reminded the Europeans that the new
European house needs big windows and open doors. The big conflicts of tomorrow are not
East-West conflicts, but North-South conflicts; or to say it more provocative: the
conflicts between the "haves" and the "have nots". The big number of
migrants and asylum seekers in Europe is only a small sign of this. In the Gulf war it
became obvious that today's unsolved problems are the seeds for tomorrow's world conflicts
and wars. And this leads us to the third lesson for the Europeans.
The values of justice, peace and integrity of creation
cannot be separated. Peace without justice or peace without freedom is not peace. Already
the Old Testament knew about this fact. And therefore the Hebrew word "Shalom"
(peace) means much more than only the absence of killing weapons. The silence that follows
the death of young boys and girls who have been tortured and killed is not peace. The
silence that follows the death of young boys and girls who have starved to death is not
peace. It is also obvious from the burning oil fields of Kuwait that the integrity of
creation is not secured or re-established by more catalyst cars in European countries
The YMCA as a Christ-centered world movement is challenged
to educate its members in global thinking. Global thinking that is directed towards
global justice, peace and integrity of creation. Or to say it in theological language: The
YMCA is called to extend the universal Kingdom of God in all its aspects.
Europe is still growing together in a very high pace.
Some key-words are EC '92, Negotiations about a European Economical Space (EES), the
process of the Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) and Hungary as the
first Eastern European country that has become full member of the Council of Europe. The
trend towards convergence is obvious. But the institutional shape of tomorrow's Europe is
still to be developed. What will be the place of the countries in Central and Eastern
Europe in a new Europe? Will there be a further true democratization of the EC structures?
Is there a chance for federalism and a Europe of the regions? And what is the role of
youth in that new Europe? These are some of the questions asking for answers and action.
And for YMCA influence.
But interesting enough, as a counterbalance to all these
unifying trends, we also observe a growing awareness of and a pride about the European
diversity. Where it does not turn into destroying nationalism or even racism, this
richness is one of the positive historical gifts of Europe. There are many European
cultures, a multitude of European languages and connected ways of thinking and feeling.
The Gulf war and the reactions of the different European countries has also revealed once
again the diversity of political convictions, attitudes and traditions. Luckily enough,
most of them are based on strong common values like Human Rights, Self-Determination and
It is one of the big contributions the YMCA can make for
tomorrow's Europe: to let young people in Europe experience their specific gifts and
contributions; and help them to integrate themselves into a multi-cultural European
YMCA and into a multi-cultural Europe as a whole. A Europe which is based on
mutual acceptance, tolerance and enrichment.
Secularization can be observed in most countries.
Astonishing enough, church attendance in some Eastern European regions is significantly
higher than in many so called Christian countries in the West. While a death of religion
is out of question and even discussion, we observe the growth of new religiousness
and new forms of spirituality especially in the age group of older teenagers and
younger adults. Official churches have extreme difficulties in coping with this
phenomenon. Too much are they fixed in their traditional ways of acting, teaching and
celebrating. And also many YMCAs seem to have big problems in dealing with today's young
people's religiousness and spirituality.
One of the difficulties is certainly the wide range of
today's religious expressions: Everything can be found from a new fundamentalism and
conservatism over a strongly politically engaged theology to free forms of house-circle
spirituality and to a liberal, secularized theology or a new-age religiousness up to
obvious forms of occultism. The whole situation is complicated by the wide range of
traditional confessions and their particularities. More and more also non-Christian
religions have to be taken into consideration: the fast worldwide growth of Islam, the
influence of Asian religions etc, which demand for a honest inter-faith dialogue. All
these developments together mean an enormous challenge for an open and ecumenical, but
clearly Christ-rooted movement like the YMCA.
But the YMCA as an organisation does not experience easy
times during these days. Many welfare-states are trying to cut down their social
expenditures or at least make them conditional on certain governmental rules. Signs of
recession cover the skies. Many of our National Movements are presently experiencing
severe financial problems due to such effects. This is also reflected in the financial
restrictions of the European Alliance. The European Secretariat works with an absolutely
minimal number of employees: two persons for the whole of Europe, in a time of such
Emphasis can be put at National and European level on one
or both of the following two strategies: trying to tap on more European institutional
money and work on sponsorships, or activating - or re-activating - our own YMCA members.
During the times of strong welfare-state-support, many of our YMCA members have forgotten
or not learnt to make personal sacrifices out of their own pocket. Of course it is
important to find and use outside funds. But on a long-term perspective, the YMCA will not
be able to survive as a youth movement without personal sacrifices. The experiences
the European Alliance makes in the field of Intermovement Cooperation Funding suggests
that National Movements should work hard on the second strategy, the activation and
mobilization of their local members.
With the last remarks, we have been moving to some
specific YMCA developments. Details will be dealt with in the Committee reports. Here are
only some overall remarks.
Looking at the European Alliance, we can certainly say
that the EAY has changed very much during the last year.
It was not so much the baton change from one European
Secretary to a new one and moving the office. The really big change came about because the
number of EAY members moved from 21 in 1989 to more than 30 in today's reality. Today,
YMCA work does exist again in most countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
The effect of this development is not only a bigger
number of National Movements to be handled by the same EAY structure and by the same
number of professional staff as before. It demands much more: This dynamic development
demands a completely new thinking from all our Committees and National Movements.
For any international activity, it has to be kept in mind that Central and Eastern
European YMCAs do exist and that their contributions, concerns and needs have to be
included in any action.
Intermovement Cooperation must not be limited to
some fund raising activities with national governments or church bodies. Nor is
Intermovement Cooperation a matter of a committee only. Intermovement Cooperation means a true
partnership with YMCA partner movements. All partners have their needs. But all
partners can also share many gifts.
Not all of our National Movements and Committees have
already realized in full what kind of fundamental change in thinking, and what amount of
solidarity and mobilisation, is required from them. This is even more true for local
YMCAs. The activation and mobilisation of local YMCAs for Intermovement Cooperation and
true European partnership in its widest sense has not yet happened to a satisfactory
extent and remains a big task for all National Movements. Help your local YMCAs to think
internationally - which, by the way, is more than only European!
Having mentioned this big task ahead of all of us, we can
surely express the European Alliance's great gratitude and warm thanks for all the support
that has been experienced so far in the field of IMC. Many National Movements have
supported the IMC process not only with funds, but also with substantial input of
personnel. Without, for example, the hard work of the new IMC Field Group Leaders and the
IMC Consultants, the EAY would be absolutely unable to cope with the enormous task.
Specially mentioned should be the YMCA of the USA; they cooperate now with the EAY since
several years in true partnership.
Intermovement Cooperation is surely at present priority
number one of the European Alliance. The EAY is on a good way. But the challenge is
enormous, and we call on each and every National Movement to join us and unite their
efforts with those of all other partners - for the benefit of hundreds and thousands
of young people in Europe.
In the field of Programmes, we become more and
more aware that it is not enough for our Programme Committees to produce, mostly
successfully, European events only. Required is a new dynamic and innovative thinking
which leads to better exchange of existing know-how and to common development of
new methods and activities. Leadership development on international level will
play a key role. All European activities have to be measured at the end of the day
strictly by the effects they produce on local level. The EAY is a support organisation and
not an end in itself. In this sense also the programme field could be called
"Intermovement Cooperation". Because that is what we need: a much bigger
cooperation among our National Movements in various fields. A big obstacle and limitation
is the fact that the EAY works - due to the lack of personnel and finances on European
level - with a kind of "volunteer" system, whereby national and local staff have
to fulfill European tasks besides their own, often heavy work loads. We owe all of them
sincere thanks. But it is very doubtful whether an EAY with this working structure is able
to cope with the challenges of today's and tomorrow's Europe.
Representation in international bodies was a weak
working field of the EAY in the last few years. It happened without proper concept and
coherence. A new system with a chief-representative and senior- and junior-representatives
tries to develop a coherent policy and to strengthen YMCA's influence in
In the field of Christian Orientation, progress is
encouraging. Two workshops produced a paper "Christian Orientation - Some
Signposts for the '90s". It is now up to the National Movements to make good use
of the document and to try to stimulate through it the discussion on Christian Orientation
in their own movement. A second element in the Christian Orientation process is the work
on the truly ecumenical character of the European YMCAs. Further progress is still
required. The question of Inter-Faith Dialogue with special reference to the
Muslims in Europe and their role in the YMCA will have to be approached in the future as
Overlooking all these developments, the EAY can be
satisfied with process and progress. The EAY owes gratitude to all the many people
who support throughout the whole year its work. But above all, the EAY owes deep gratitude
to our Lord who uses the European YMCAs as a means for the extension of His Kingdom.
Having mentioned many positive aspects and a lot of
progress made, I nevertheless do not want to hide that in my opinion the EAY in its actual
shape is not able to cope with all the challenges with which the European YMCAs are
confronted today. The time for an intensive discussion on EAY strategies for the '90s
has come. This is an important agenda item for this General Assembly, and I want to make
my respective comments in my input-statement to the strategy discussion.
Anyway, challenges are many. And it is clear: they can
only be met in close cooperation and partnership with all National Movements. The EAY as
an organisation is a weak body. But the European YMCAs can be strong if they unite all
their efforts. Not to create or sustain a European YMCA bureaucracy, but to support European
activities that become relevant and visible on local, on grassroots level. This is the
great task and mission of the European YMCAs: to extend the Kingdom of God among young
We are all part of it.